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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 3, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: bab language learning app that teaches real life conversations and uses s recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news nada: tis "bbc world news america."
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reporting from washington, i'm nada tawfik. marketing 70 years of unity with a bit of infiging. why the leaders of the u.s. and france clashed at a gathering to celebrate nato. raying out the case for impeachment, dem on the house intelligence committee accused the president of misconduct and obstruction in their draft report. rep. schiff: this is tult is beyond indictment, beyondhe impeachmen beyond any for m of accountability, and indeed, abovthe law. rada: dropping out of the , california senator kamala harris says she is ending her campaign for president. the democratic field now stands at5. ho nada: for watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america."
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the love-hate relationship between donald trump and nato today.enter stagin london in the past, the u.s. president has questioned the allnce's. existence. today he found himself in the odd position of defending it, accusing french president emmanuel macron of being nasty and disrespectful for bing nato as brain dead. there was little else the two agreed on in a rather tense press appearance on a date chock-full of diplomacy. ourti dipc correspondent james robbins reports. james: buckingham palace, and a birthday party for nato leaders to celebrate the military alliance and 70 years success keeping the peace through cotive defense. everyone on best behavior for the queen, but nato is a family currently at war with itself. france's president macr has been strongly critical of donald trump's isolationist role, and called nato strategically brain dead. earlier in the day he stood by
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thosremarks, even after mr. trump rebuked him publicly. y pres. trum a statement that, that is a very nastyke atement to essentially 28 countries. i think that you have a very high unemployment rate in frce. france is not doing well economically at all. james: in fact, the alliance faces another, far larger threat n unity. the military act nato member turkey inside northern syria. turkey's president erdogan is enged nato is not 100% supportive of s fight against kurdish troops he bnds terrorists. president macron completely rejects the turkish position. . prcron: when i look at turkey, they now are fighting agnst those who fought with us, shoulder to shouer against isis.
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james: 70 years ago when natobl was eshed, it all felt so the american-led ae faced a single enemy, the soviet union under joseph stalin. h was soviet communism wh eventually collapsed. nato survived, but now struggles to agree its future role. >> nato is the most successful alliance in history because we have been able to change. that is exactly what we are doing aga and the fact is that we are doing more together in this alliance nhan we have done for many decades. james: but that sounds far too upbeat to those leaders who feel that the alliance has lost its way and is failing to face up to developing threats. what are some of the future threats nato has to face still from russia, and there is talk of china, too -- not an adversary, nato insists, but i worry-- but a worry
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nevertheless. and there is concern of s ber atta satellites in space. how would nato react to that? president trump is claiming suess, pushing other states to increase nato spendingnd so reduce america'70% share. itbut other ss over the way 't be resolved in a f hours a formal talks tomorrow. james robbins, bbc news, buckingham palace. nada: for more, i spoke earlier with heather conley, former state department official who is now at the center for strategicn and inional studies. as we saw in that report, the public division is laid bare there. how is that straining the alliance? heather: it is important to remember what the leaders are doing, celebrating 70 years of nato, an enduring alliance. but you are absolutely right, we are watching a display of is disagreement, of tensions between turkey, france, the u.s. ways does.is what nato in some it is a political alliance and a military alliance.
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it's how it works its way through these problems. this isn't new in nato's history, but we are seeing in social media and via tweets, in a very real and vivid way. nada: but is president macron right in his statement that the alliance has not hadar purpose sin the end of the cold war, and is adjusting to challenges like china the way it needs to? grheather: i completely di with president macron's comment about nato as brain de. he is frustrated with nato and the decisions certain nato members take like turkey and the united states. but nato is much more vigorous o.than it was two decades you are right, he did ha a -- it did have a moment of not being able to find its purpose at the end of the cold war. but in fact vladimir putin in 2014 gave nato -restored its founding purpose in some ways in which is to make sure that itsur members were sfrom russian aggression. but we know there are so many
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more challenges, from emergingin technologies, space, even the health of nato's democracies are in some ways uer great strain right now through pulism and nationalism. these challenges nato has faced, ey have always been resilient and adaptive. i know they will come through this right now. but that list is pretty daunting on the challenge front. nada: i think one of the one things that president macron and president trump did agree on was trying to forge closer dialogue with russia. heather: yeah, that is the one question where president macron and president trump shouldn't have been agreeing. in august, president macron surised european leaders by giving a speech and sing, look, this great per competition in europe basically has to reach an accommodation with russia. president trump has said all along that he wants the united states to get along with russia. but e challenge is there are fouro n battalions sitting on
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nato's eastern flannaprotecting members from russian aggression. we know russian disinformation and malign influence has been active in france, in the u.k., in the united states. so, while they may agree, the allice is standing quite firm onagainst russian aggressi nada: very briefly, there is o'e member who'flirting with russia, turkey, buying antiaircraft missiles, blocking security unless they recognize the ypg as terrorists, as they see them. turkey, historically like france, has been a disruptive member of the alliance, always testing those boundaries. i think you are seeing that again today. there are real disagreements n'sfact, president mac frustration has been about turkey's decision to intervene in northern syria three times. and of course, this growingre 'ionship between russia and turkey, turkey'purchase of the
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s-400s. just last week turkey flew over compromising nato's integrity. e that is going tovery big question when the leaders discuss it tomorrow. nada: thank you for joining us. e impeachment inquiry is entering a new phase. tteehouse intelligence com has released a draft report of its findings. following days of intenseea hearingsring more than a dozen witnesses, the democratic-led panel found that evidence of the president's misconduct is overwhelming, and so, too, is evidence of obstruction of congress. imagine a stronger or more complete case of construction and that demonstrated by the president since the inquiry began. the committee will vote tonight ton handing over the repo the house judiciary committee, which has the power to write up official articles of impeachment, and open hearings are scheduled there tomorrow.mo fo, i spoke earl with
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elizabeth wydra, president of the constitutional accountability center. what changes now that the judiciary committee is essentially taking the reins of this inquiry? elizabeth: absolutely. now we are moving from the investigation to the charges. if you think about a criminals trial, t where you get the charges before they are sent to the jury. we have this enormous report, a big tome of all of the president's impeachable offenses, gettinfrom the suetandard issues with ukra and trying to get a political personal benefit by withholdingm aid to the govt of ukraine, to his obstruction of the impeachment inquiry itself. that really gives the backdrop, the evidence for the judiciary committee now to draft those articles of impeachment, to really take that solemn role of the house has, its sole power to impeach. nada: looking at this 0-page
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report, were there any surprises, or doesn't read like a narrative we have seeplayed out to the hearings? elizabeth: if you have paid attention to the public heings that have gone on, it is very much what we saw the witnesses say, and frankly, when you get to the obstruction part whatd e t hear any witnesses say. the report goes to the president's absolute refusal to cooperate with the impeachment inquiry, and the house has oversight authority t of its checks and balances in the constitution. that goes back to our very founding. the president absolutely refusing to cooperatin any way builds the case for obstruction here. that, plus the ukrne evidence that the president was leveging american power and policy for personal, political gain, that is in here in great detail. nada: the other issue at hand is the fact that this has been so partisan. we are going to hear tomorrow from four constitutional law experts. do you think that will clear
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elizabeth: i certainly hope so. i'm an optimistic person. the people you are goisee tomorrow talk about the constitution really should brinl of the american people together. the constitution is our document, and it only has power if we believe in it. and if this type of misconduct, this blatant invitation of foreign -- misusing power on the foreign stage is allowed to go without consequence, it rely dermines our basic constitutional structure and values. that is what i think will be talked about tomorrow hese nonpartisan experts. nada: we will be watching at tomorrow. elizabeth wydra, thanks for joining us. quick look at other news. tesla boss elon musk has gone on trial in california. he is being sued for defaming one ofhe divers involved i the rescue of 12 boys and thei e coach from a flooded cavin thailand last year. in a now deleted tweet, mrmusk allegedly described him as a the billioire entrepreneur
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denies the charge.' googl's co-founders are stepping down from their official positions at parent company alphabet. larry page and sergey brin served as ceo and president, respectively. they fously founded the tech giant in a garage in the 1990's. they will stay involved as shareholders and board members. google's ceo, sundar pichai, will take over their official rules. at least three people have been killed in a powerful typhoon in the philippines. the typhoon passed just south of the capital, manila. the international airport remains closed. some events at the southeast asian games, which oped on saturday, were canceled or rescheduled. officials say the evacuation of 225,000pl pprevented greater loss of life. one of the biggest names in the democratic field for president
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is dropping out of theace. in a twitter post-- in a tweet today, kamala harris said she is ending her campaign with what she called deep regret. the california democrat was once seen as a top-tier candidate but failed to gain traction in early polling.e c's anthony zurcher joined me earlier to break this all down. why did she decide to make this move now, and was it all about fundraising, or were there other missteps anthony: she said she did not have enough money to continue on. when it comes down to it, most candidates do drop out because of money. liey don't have the a to fund the same overhead. as you mentioned, she had been on a steady ide down in the polls since she spiked in lateft june a solid debate performance going after joe biden in a back-and-forth. after that, however, it seemed like she was having probms defining her candidacy, that she was trying to be too many things to too many different memberof the democratic party. on one hand trying to appeal to progressives, on the other hand
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trying to seem moderat in the end, she did not end up appealing to either. i was at her kickoff in a january of this year, where he 20,000 people came out to see her in oakland, and it felt liai her ca had something big. she was young, charismatic, it had organization and money. in the end, it never realized the potential it had. na: there is still 15 othe candidates. it is hard to keep track of all of them sometimes.ut who winsrom her dropping out? anthony: if you look at her polb s nationally, she is only 3% or 4%, so in that regard maybe no one. she was the only elected officeholder from california in this race. that state has a lot of delegas, a lot of money, a lot of fundraisers. all of that is up for grabs. which candidate can takeo se advantage of that. llifornia votes in early march. you could see soe bernie sanders, who ran there before in 2016, or pete buttigieg, who was done well in california fundraising, take advantage of
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the fact that harris is not in the race. nada: is this the last we have seen of her in the race, or coshe come up as a vp choice? anthony: she might end up being an attracte vice presidential pick, because of her background, because she isno woman and ty candite. ould balance out a ticke joe biden, when kamala harris dropped out day, offered words of praise for her. it would seem like she would bel someone who be a good running mate for biden if he were to get the nomination. you got to remember, she is only 55 years old which is young for national presidential politics, clearly with a bunch ofds 70-year-n the race. i don't think her story is finished yet. nada: anthony, thanks so much. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight'ivs program, lg through the hottest decade on record. y scientists meeting in madrid say temperaturesre higher than ever.
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na: financia the influenti test llsults have been published looking at the sof 15-year-olds globally. china, singapore, hong kong me on top for reading, but behind them was estonia. how does the small public state do it? reporter: elizabeth it is drop e at kindergarten. for each child from about $80 to 90 u.s. dollars a month. most children starhere before the age of three. even though compulsory school only begins at age seven. the gap between rich and poor kids is small in estonia, and this is where the leveling up starts. this class in estonianil grammar has en of every ability. that is normal in every subject
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in basic schl from the ag of seven to 60. teachers in estonia are given remarkable freedom in how and what they teach. the inspections don't even come into thero classom. there is relatively little testingel it is that bieve in the leveling up th is crucial, the head teacher told me. >> iyou are teaching aa different level of abilities, you are segregating them. we don't want to segregate any people in the world. reporter: the studentsere are growing up in a consciously digital economy, voting in general elections all onlineth, ane is a culture of striving. >> even though we are so -- you could call is a young country -- we have to bed educa get on with ourselves. ♪ reporter: estonia's education success does not seem to have a
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human cost. nada: voters in the u.k. head to the polls next week with the long shadow of brexit looming large. boris johnson and his conservatives are hoping to beat out jeremy corbyn's liberals. the bbc isocusing on areas that are likely to decide the outcome.re clive myrirts from a market town in northern ireland, rit on the border with the irish republic, a big issue in the process. ♪ land where the sun two soil, a beliefs, rival loyaltieshat have caused past pain, now playing out in an election touched by brexit.
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this is literally the frontline of the debate, the u.k. nstituency that merges seamssly with the european union. damon fitzpatrick's business we are in northern ireland and now, and this is the republird this is the . that is the southern post man. thepo southern man. clive: post man from th site bringing, what,ail overere. what is it you want to hear in this election that will make you feel any better? >> there is no one there, so it it is time that people got their heads down together and put the countrfirst and say that this is what we have to do. clive: the uncertainty over brexit is no good for anyone here. at this livestock market, republic of ireland farmers buy northern irish cattle. overall trade across the
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frontier is rth more than a billion pounds to those north of the border. frictionless trade means jobs, decent livelihoods, a future. but there is an irony. >> this is the coverage in the aftermath of the referendum. clive: the ramifications of brexit are most keenly felt in northernreland. is the old ties that bind. orange and green committee unionist and the nationalist, that swings elections here. >> it comes down to the ole ange and green here. all the elections that have passed have always ended up. clive: that sectarian divide transcends everything, ealn the uphef brexit? >> it does. ♪ clive: but if issues of identity drive political action, are voters being best served?
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this choir is a cross-community collective of catholics and protestants. the evyday concerns for some in both northern ireland'sco unities on health care, schools, transports, so many issues, are too ofteignored. >> our political parties seem to speak up for whatheir party believes instead of representing the people. >> they are in a public service position. they are elected to perform service for the people. >> nobody is there to fight your battle. that is about it. clive: the resignation of tired voters, inne corner of the united kingdom where the past too often dictates the future. nada: now, global weather experts sathe past decade is set to be the hottest on record, according to findings from the world meteorological organization. the latest report presented at
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that exceptional temperatures are being driven by greenhouse gas emissions. from madri here's vid shukman. david: it has been a year of from australia to the arcticres forcing people from their homes and releasing huge amounts of iccarbon dioxide, further speeds up the heating of the planet. the great e sheets have seen record melting as well. we reported from greenland. melt water pours into the oceans, and their level is rising faster than eve the higher the seas rise, the more devastating the floods can be in coastal areas. this was thailand. u.n. scientists say it is part of a pattern that is becoming more severe. at a news conference in madrid, they came up with a stark conclusion, th past 10 years are on course to be the hottest decade on record. >> this is a clear climate-change signal.
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it is not just one year which is warmer than previous years. we are seeing entire decades. sincthe mid-1980's, eac successive decade has been warmerhan the previous one, and that is not good news. david: thameans the heat waves t to strike more often, as last summer, when overheated equipment disrupted trains in london and other parts of the country. thl of this is happening a oceans and the land get hotter, and it is really striking to see that. the lines here represent the 00mperatures over the last years or so. they used to all be below the average for the 20th century. but more recently, they have ala been above trage, getting hotter all the time, and no sigc of that s ending. e talks in madrid are meant to find answers, but as ever, they are moving incredibly slowly. hopi to bring new impetus is 16-year-d campaigner greta
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thunberg, arriving by sail from america. now a global cebrity, she is losing patience with theorld's response to climate change. greta: i think people are underestimatin angry kids.f [applause] david: and she had this message for world leader greta: that they lisn to the science and act on the science. that they start treating this crisis like a crisis and cooperate internationally. david: for a teenager who has inspired millions around the world, crowds on the keyside. shifting opinion in the conference hall is another matter. david shukman, bbc news, in madrid. nada: yet again we seeigns with clear warning about the climate crisis but politics slow to respond. i am nada tawfik. narrator: fuing for this presentation is made possible by... babbel, an online program designed by language specialists
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teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: funding was also provided by... ti the freeman foun. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from s like y, thank you. narrator: be more, pbs ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> wdruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, theea case for iment the u.s. house intelligence committee delivers its report on how president trump subverted national security for personal political gain. then, on the world stage. we are on the ground in london as mr. trump arrives for the nato summit at a contentious moment for the military alliance. plus, "supreme ambition"-- a new book explos how brett kavanaugh's fraught appointment to the u.s. supreme court was just one step in a plan to move the judiciary to the right. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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